More Information
ISBN: 9781783685226
Imprint: Langham Global Library
Format: Paperback
Dimensions (mm): 229 x 152 x 12
Publication Date: 30/09/2018
Pages: 232
Language: English

God With Us and Without Us, Volume One

The revelation of the Trinity establishes that the relationship of the one true God with us springs from the relationship within himself, without us. The Trinity is not a problem to be solved, but a beauty to be discovered. Dr Imad N. Shehadeh uses careful exegetical and theological analysis to explore the presentation of the triune God in Scripture and expertly navigate the reader through the errors and pitfalls regarding the Trinity.

Author Bios

Imad N. Shehadeh

IMAD N. SHEHADEH is President and Senior Professor of Theology of Jordan Evangelical Theological Seminary, Amman, Jordan, which he founded in 1991. Dr Shehadeh earned his ThD from Dallas Theological Seminary, Texas, USA, and has carried out doctoral studies at the Evangelische Theologische Faculteit, Leuven, Belgium, and the University of Edinburgh, UK. He has a wide-ranging preaching and teaching ministry including online and television series, and speaking at churches, seminaries and conferences. Dr Shehadeh has had several articles and books published in both English and Arabic.


Imad Shehadeh has provided a thorough biblical, theological, and philosophical presentation of the nature and attributes of God. This book reflects careful scholarship as well as a well-reasoned presentation. He is both fair and faithful in setting forth the God of the Bible.

Mark L. Bailey, PhD
President and Senior Professor of Bible Exposition,
Dallas Theological Seminary

Dr Imad Shehadeh is a godly theologian with a pastor-teacher-evangelist’s heart. Through years of the fiery trials of serving on the frontlines, Imad has come forth with humble clarity, refined confidence, and a focused championship of the non-negotiable essentials of biblical Christianity. The Trinity is the foundation of true biblical Christianity. The Trinity is the only way to understand the efficacy of the just death of Jesus Christ. The Trinity is the only way to answer the raging question of who is the One True and Living God. No theologian of our generation has done more to advance such essential and true theology than this work by Dr Imad Shehadeh.

Rev John Barnett, DMin
Founder of Discover the Book Ministries

Few issues separate as many people as the meaning of the unity of God. Some Christians live as if there were three Gods without acknowledging it. Many non-Christians believe the Trinity is composed of Father, Son and Mary. Beginning with his doctoral dissertation, Dr Imad Shehadeh has been studying and teaching the Trinity for over thirty years. Few have as deep an understanding of this vital question as he possesses. Clearly understanding the differences and what the Bible teaches is a first step in opening a door between the immense monotheistic religions. God With Us and Without Us, Volume 1: Oneness in Trinity verses Absolute Oneness is a significant key for all who desire to help open closed doors to the good news.

Pat Cate, PhD
Adjunct Professor of Intercultural Studies,
Dallas Theological Seminary

The appeal of this book to the believer in Oneness in Trinity is to cease from viewing the Trinity as a problem to be solved. This is a call to see the Trinity as a beauty to be continually discovered and enjoyed. The appeal of this book to adherents of Absolute Oneness is to begin the journey of trust in the perfection, equality and harmony of all God’s attributes. I am delighted that Imad Shehadeh has powerfully used this key to open an inspiring systematic understanding of the triune God of the Bible in conversation with the alternative of God as absolutely singular. It is a very valuable book. This will greatly help many people, and will bring much glory to Father, Son and Holy Spirit!

Ida Glaser, PhD
International Academic Coordinator,
The Centre for Muslim-Christian Studies

Dr Shehadeh has the courage to venture into the discussion of a complex doctrine. In his thorough and deep approach, he has been able to utilize western resources as well as interacting with Arabic resources that have not been translated into modern languages. I have found his discussion on avoiding common errors about the Trinity to be illuminating as he skillfully weaves together ancient and modern issues. Any serious student who wishes to explore the foundational doctrine of the Holy Trinity cannot ignore this helpful resource.

Rev Riad Kassis, PhD
Director, Scholars Programme, Langham Partnership

Imad Shehadeh has written an excellent primer on perhaps the most misunderstood teaching of the Christian faith – the biblical doctrine of the Trinity. What does it mean to say that the one God is triune? How does this unique understanding of God’s very nature differ from other monotheistic views? Why is it vital to grasp the difference? For Christians, Dr Shehadeh’s readable and thoroughly biblical treatment will deepen and inspire them – not to mention, alert them to and guard them from all too common errors. For non-Christians, this book will usher them to the wondrous beauty and power of the triune vision of God that is the beating heart of the Christian faith.

Duane Litfin, PhD
President Emeritus,
Wheaton College

The book addresses everything I have ever heard about or thought about regarding the Trinity, and much more. The content shows evidence of thirty years of scholarly study in both Arabic and English, and the presentation shows great effort to make it all accessible and understandable even to the lay reader. I have never read a book with a clearer outline or more thorough use of Scripture. This will be a great help to both Christians and Muslims to understand what their own religion teaches as well as what the other teaches, and I believe it will promote respectful dialogue. A wonderful and much needed resource!

Rev David Niednagel
Founding Pastor,
Christian Fellowship Church, Indiana

Beautiful, biblical, and balanced are hardly used antiphons when studying a multipart, theological work. And yet, the beauty of the topic in itself, while privileging the biblical text, along with a conviction to serve his ministry context demands Dr Imad Shehadeh’s clarifying exposition of the Mystery which decisively and definitively distinguishes the God of Bible. My worship and understanding of the Trinity is greatly enhanced by this experienced, thoughtful and studied expression.

Ramesh Richard, ThD, PhD
Professor of Global Theological Engagement & Pastoral Ministries,
Dallas Theological Seminary

Table of Contents

  1. Frequently Asked Questions
  2. Biblical Passages Studied
  3. Tables and Figures
  4. Foreword
    1. J. Scott Horrell
  5. Introduction: Passion for the Trinity
    1. The Appeal of This Book
    2. A Synopsis of the Chapters of Volume 1: Oneness in Trinity versus Absolute Oneness
    3. A Synopsis of the Chapters of Volume 2: The Divine Beauty of Oneness in Trinity
    4. How to Benefit from This Book
  6. 1 Readiness to Receive God’s Revelation of Himself
    1. 1. The Fountain of All Thought about God Is the Bible
      1. Veracity
      2. Authority
      3. Continual Discovery
      4. Progress of Revelation
      5. Complete Harmony
      6. Revalidation of Doctrine
      7. The Accompaniment of the Holy Spirit
    2. 2. The Christian Message Begins with the Gospel
    3. 3. The Doctrine of the Trinity Is Not Confined to the Word “Trinity”
    4. 4. The Finite Cannot See All of the Infinite
    5. 5. What Is Necessary Is Often Unseen
    6. 6. The Trinity Is Not a Problem to Be Solved
      1. The Importance of Discovery
      2. The Kinds of Mysteries
      3. The Beauty of Mysteries
      4. Understanding Mysteries
    7. 7. There Is Need for Depth behind Simplicity
    8. 8. Freedom from Confining Thinking about God’s Oneness
      1. The Danger of Expediency
      2. The Danger of Subjectivity
      3. The Danger of Conditional Acceptance of God’s Revelation
      4. The Danger of Limiting Faith to the Existence and Oneness of God
      5. The Danger of Indirect Belief in Polytheism
      6. The Danger of the Wrong Starting Point
    9. 9. Theological Preparation in the Progress of Revelation
    10. 10. There Is Need for the Proper Use of Reason
      1. The Harmony of Revelation and Reason
      2. Faith Seeking Understanding
      3. The Impossibility of Doing Away with Logic
      4. Difficulty Does Not Mean Illogic
    11. 11. Knowing God Comes from a Pure Heart
      1. Repentance from Sin
      2. Avoiding Legalism
      3. Searching the Scriptures
      4. Asking for Divine Help
      5. Following the Example of the First Generation
    12. 12. Only by Accepting the True God Can There Be Life Transformation
    13. Conclusion
  7. 2 The Various Concepts of the Oneness of God
    1. Introduction
    2. God in Absolute Oneness
    3. God in Oneness in Trinity
    4. The Differences between Oneness in Trinity and Absolute Oneness
  8. 3 The Various Uses of the Expression “God”
    1. Introduction
    2. “God” Pointing to the One and Only God
      1. 1. The Testimony of the Old Testament about the Only God
      2. 2. The Testimony of the New Testament about the Only God
      3. 3. Appearance of the Only God in the Old Testament in Special Form
      4. 4. NT Expressions of the Appearance of God in Special Form
    3. “God” Pointing to the Father
      1. 1. The Same OT God
      2. 2. God Has a Son
      3. 3. The Only Eternal Relationship
      4. 4. The Role of the Holy Spirit
      5. 5. The Repeated Mention of the Persons of the Trinity
      6. 6. Mention of the Three Persons with Oneness
    4. “God” Pointing to the Divine Nature
      1. 1. Parallel Words to “God”
      2. 2. The Use of “God” of the Son
      3. 3. Reasons for the Infrequent Use of “God” for Christ
      4. 4. Equality of the Son’s Deity to the Father’s
      5. 5. Reasons for the Infrequent Use of “God” for the Holy Spirit
      6. 6. The Personhood and Deity of the Holy Spirit
    5. Summary
  9. 4 Avoiding Common Errors about the Trinity
    1. Introduction
    2. Understanding the Use of “Person” in the Trinity
    3. Understanding the Distinction between the Persons
      1. The First Error: Confining Faith to the Existence of God Only
      2. The Second Error: Belief in Three Gods
      3. The Third Error: Modalism
      4. The Fourth Error: Subordinationism
      5. The Fifth Error: Independence
      6. Conclusion in Regard to the Distinction between the Persons
    4. Understanding the Unity of Christ’s Two Natures
      1. The First Error: Change in the Divine Nature
      2. The Second Error: Temporal Union
      3. The Third Error: Mixing the Natures
      4. The Fourth Error: Separating the Natures
      5. The Fifth Error: the Independence of the Natures
      6. Conclusion on the Union of the Two Natures of Christ
    5. Attention to Precision in Expression
    6. Avoiding Exaggeration in the Use of Illustrations
      1. The Pattern of the First Family
      2. The Pattern of the Head of the Family
      3. The Pattern of Soul, Body and Spirit
      4. The Triple Point Pattern
      5. The Pattern of the Sun: Its Rays, Heat and Light
      6. Conclusion about the Use of Illustrations
    7. Conclusion on Avoiding Common Errors about the Trinity
  10. 5 Is It the Same God?
    1. Introduction
    2. The Early Use of the Expression “Allah”
      1. Arabic Poems
      2. The Hadith
      3. The New Testament
    3. The Common Root in Semitic Languages
      1. Hebrew
      2. Aramaic
      3. Syriac
    4. The Use of “Allah” by Arab Christians Today
    5. Dealing with the Difficulty of the Question
      1. The Natural Requisite for the Activity of God’s Attributes
      2. The Joyful Assurance in the Nature of God’s Attributes
    6. The Giant Leap
    7. Appeal to Believers and Non-Believers
  11. 6 The Historical Conflict of Absolute Oneness
    1. Introduction
    2. Defining the Conflict
      1. The Inevitable Question
      2. Two Opposing Schools of Thought within Absolute Oneness
    3. Classification of the Attributes
      1. Exemplary Attributes
      2. Varied Classification of Attributes
    4. The Conflict Regarding the Attributes of Action
      1. 1. The Source of the Attributes of Action
      2. 2. The Manifestation of the Attributes of Action
      3. 3. The Prevention from Comparing the Attributes of Action
      4. 4. The Resultant Inconsistency
    5. The Conflict Regarding the Attributes of Essence
      1. 1. Separation of Attributes of Action from Attributes of Essence
      2. 2. Separation of the Attributes of Essence from the Essence
      3. 3. The Resultant Inconsistency
    6. Summary and Conclusion
  12. 7 The Answer of Oneness in Trinity
    1. Introduction
    2. The Answer to the Inevitable Question
    3. The Answer in Regard to the Attributes of Action
      1. 1. The Source of the Attributes of Action
      2. 2. The Manifestation of the Attributes of Action
      3. 3. The Comparison of the Attributes of Action
      4. 4. The Resultant Coherence
    4. The Answer in Regard to the Attributes of Essence
      1. 1. The Relationship of the Attributes of Action to the Attributes of Essence
      2. 2. The Relationship of the Attributes of Essence to the Essence
      3. 3. The Resultant Coherence
    5. Two Parallel Lines
    6. Appeal to Believers and Non-Believers
  13. 8 Consistency of the Trinity with Logic
    1. Introduction
    2. The Eternal Existence of God Is in Harmony with the Eternal Activity of His Attributes
      1. 1. The Existence of God Means the Existence of His Attributes
      2. 2. The Existence of God’s Attributes Requires Positive Description
      3. 3. The Positivity of God’s Attributes Requires Their Activity
      4. 4. The Activity of God’s Attributes Requires His Self-Sufficiency
    3. The Eternal Activity of God’s Attributes Presupposes a Relationship between Persons
      1. 1. The Activity of God’s Attributes Depends on a Relationship
      2. 2. The Relationship Depends on Equal Persons
    4. The Relationship Is Protected by Threeness of Persons
      1. 1. Three Persons at Least
      2. 2. Three Persons at Most
    5. The Threeness of Persons Is Guaranteed Perfection through Oneness
      1. 1. The Triune Relationship Requires the Perfection of Attributes
      2. 2. The Perfection of Attributes Requires Oneness
      3. 3. Oneness Depends on the Perfection of Attributes
    6. Summary and Conclusion
  14. Appendix 1: The Repeated Mention of the Persons of the Trinity
    1. Occurrences of the Three Persons without Mention of Oneness
    2. Occurrences of the Three Persons with Mention of Oneness
  15. Appendix 2: The Deity of Christ
  16. Appendix 3: The Personhood and Deity of the Holy Spirit
    1. The Personhood of the Holy Spirit
    2. The Deity of the Holy Spirit
  17. Bibliography
  18. Complete Scripture Index


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