More Information
ISBN: 9781839730535
Imprint: Langham Global Library
Format: Paperback
Dimensions (mm): 229 x 152 x 19
Publication Date: 31/12/2020
Pages: 360
Series: Africa Society of Evangelical Theology Series
Language: English

Forgiveness, Peacemaking, and Reconciliation


In this fifth volume from the Africa Society of Evangelical Theology, contributors explore forgiveness, peacemaking and reconciliation as necessary prerequisites for human flourishing. Ranging from biblical studies and church history to medical ethics and public theology, this collection offers a rich diversity of voices and perspectives as each author reflects on God’s heart for conflict alleviation within the contexts of their own communities, nations, histories, and academic disciplines. Taken together, these contributions offer profound insight into both the particularities and generalities of God’s transformative, healing work in the world, and how we, the church, are called to partner with that work – in Africa and beyond.

Author Bios

David K. Ngaruiya
(Edited By)

DAVID K. NGARUIYA is an Associate Professor and former Acting Deputy Vice Chancellor for Academic Affairs and Director of PhD in Theological Studies Program at International Leadership University. He holds a PhD in Intercultural Studies from Trinity Evangelical Divinity School. He served as chair of the Africa Society of Evangelical Theology (2015–2016). He has published journal and book articles and served as co-editor and contributor to Communities of Faith in Africa and African Diaspora (Pickwick Publications, 2013) and was a director of the research study that produced African Christian Leadership (Langham Global Library, 2019).

Rodney L. Reed
(Edited By)

RODNEY L. REED is a missionary educator who has been serving at Africa Nazarene University in Nairobi, Kenya, since 2001. Currently, he is the Deputy Vice-Chancellor of Academic Affairs, a position he has held since 2010. Prior to that, he served as the Chair of the Department of Religion for nine years. He holds a PhD in Theological Ethics from Drew University and is an ordained minister in the Church of the Nazarene.


This is one of the great pearls that African theologians have produced. It is a testament to what African collaborative partnership in scholarship can give to the global community. It is not only scholarly and academic work, but it also illustrates how African theologians are once again demonstrating their ability to engage in careful theological reflection on their social setting through vigorous empirical studies. It showcases an extensive grasp of a broad spectrum of issues – social, cultural, political, religious, and economic – which have perennial consequences. Indeed, this is the kind of book that can enormously contribute to the creation of “a new spirit of Africa” – The Africa We Want and God wants.

Rev. Sunday Bobai Agang, PhD
Professor of Christian Ethics, Theology and Public Policy,
Provost, ECWA Theological Seminary, Jos (JETS)
Director, African Research Consultancy Center, West African Region

As the center of gravity of Christianity moves to the Global South, and especially to Africa, the offerings in this book will be a very welcome addition to the panoramic overview of the faith of African believers. The challenge of Jesus to us all to pursue forgiveness, peacemaking, and reconciliation at all levels is not yet exhausted. This book offers various theoretical frameworks from different angles to pursue these worthy aims. Highly recommended for church leaders and their precious members, as well as students and the general public.

Rev. Casely B. Essamuah, ThD
Secretary, Global Christian Forum

Table of Contents

  1. Preface
  2. Acknowledgments
  3. Part 1: Forgiveness
    1. A Response to the Biblical Question “How Many Times Shall I Forgive My Brother?” (Matt 18:21–22)
      1. Its Implications for Kenyan Communities
        1. Micah Onserio Moenga
    2. Interpersonal Forgiveness in the Early African Church
      1. Conditional or Unconditional?
        1. Benjamin Straub
    3. Ethical Implications in the Use of E-Therapy in PTSD Contexts
        1. Peter Mageto and Emily Kyalo
  4. Part 2: Peacemaking
    1. Conflict and Peace
      1. A Sociological Reading of Genesis 31:1–55 for Principles on Forgiveness, Peacemaking, and Reconciliation for the African Christian Context
        1. Zebedi A. Muga
    2. God’s Masterpiece
      1. Ephesians 2:11–22 as Inspiration for the Church’s Involvement in Peacemaking and Reconciliation with People with Albinism in Tanzania
        1. Timothy J. Monger and Marco Methuselah
    3. Re-Reading Spanish Medieval Convivencia
      1. Lessons for Christian–Muslim Relations among Borana People of Marsabit, Kenya
        1. Judy Wang’ombe and Harun Wang’ombe
    4. John Wesley and the “Catholic Spirit”
      1. An Early Methodist’s Vision for Peace
        1. Benson Phiri and Gregory Crofford
    5. The Church and Ethnopolitical Conflict in Kenya, 1982–2013
        1. David Tarus
  5. Part 3: Reconciliation
    1. The Consequences of Taking Advantage of a Brother’s Misfortune
      1. Situational Irony in the Use of the Hebrew and Names Concept התשׁ (Shatah) in Obadiah 16
        1. Peter Kamande Thuo
    2. Some New Testament Invitations to Ethnic Reconciliation
      1. John 4:4–42; Luke 10:29–37; Romans; Ephesians 2:11–22
        1. Craig Keener
    3. Implications of Acts 15 for Forgiveness, Peace, and Reconciliation Today
        1. Rowland D. Van Es, Jr.
    4. Reconciliation as Separation
      1. Socio-Location and Validity of Othering in 1 John
        1. Julius Kithinji
    5. The Gospel of Honor for Shame-Based Cultures
      1. Rethinking Mission Theology in Violent Societies in Africa
        1. Martin Munyao
    6. Interreligious Dialogue as Means for Public Theology
      1. Promises and Challenges for Social Justice and Democracy in Kenya
        1. Elias K. Ng’etich
    7. Integrative Systems of Pastoral Care and Counseling for Victims of Violence in Kenya
      1. A Biblical, Classical, Clinical, Prophetic, Contextual, and Reframing Approach for African Christianity
        1. Ndung’u J. B. Ikenye
  6. List of Contributors
  7. Subject and Names Index
  8. Scripture Index


Elias K. Ng’etich

Elias K. Ng’etich is a lecturer in the Department of Religious Studies in Moi University, Kenya. He is also an ordained minister of Africa Inland Church, Kenya. Elias is currently completing his PhD studies in Sociology of Religion with a focus on Pentecostalism and social development in Kenya at the University of Cape Town, South Africa.

David Kirwa Tarus

DAVID KIRWA TARUS has a PhD in Christian Theology from McMaster Divinity College, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada, and is currently an adjunct lecturer at Moi University, Eldoret, Kenya. He previously worked as the coordinator of Scott Christian University, Eldoret Campus, Kenya, and taught as an adjunct lecturer at various other universities in Kenya. David is the co-editor of Christian Responses to Terrorism: The Kenyan Experience (Wipf & Stock, 2017). His research interests include theological anthropology, political theology, and ecclesiology. David is also an ordained minister of the Africa Inland Church (Kenya).

Peter Kamande Thuo

Peter Kamande Thuo has a PhD in Translation Studies from Africa International University, Nairobi, Kenya. He is a certified Bible translation consultant and has worked on numerous translation projects in Tanzania and Nigeria. He teaches courses related to Biblical Studies, Translation, and Linguistics at Africa International University and Pan Africa Christian University, both in Nairobi, Kenya.

Micah Onserio Moenga

Micah Onserio Moenga is currently an adjunct lecturer at Pan Africa Christian University (PACU). He is also an ordained Calvary Assemblies of God minister and serves as a lead pastor of Grace and Power of God International Ministry, a ministry of Calvary Assemblies of God. Micah holds a bachelor’s degree in Bible and Theology from PACU, and a master’s in Biblical Studies and a postgraduate diploma in Education, both from Africa International University (AIU). He is currently pursuing his PhD in Biblical Studies at AIU.

Julius Kithinji

Julius Kithinji currently heads the Department of Philosophy, Theology, and Biblical Studies in the Faculty of Theology at St Paul’s University, Limuru, Kenya. He has been at St Paul’s since 2016, teaching courses in New Testament, Greek exegesis, and biblical interpretation. Kithinji is also an ordained Methodist church minister and serves on several church steering committees.

Peter Mageto

Peter Mageto is an ordained Methodist minister and educator who has been serving in the Circuit (attached clergy at Lavington United Church) and higher institutions of learning. Currently, he is the Deputy Vice Chancellor of Africa University in Mutare, Zimbabwe. Prior to that, he served as acting Vice Chancellor for the University of Kigali, Rwanda, and as Deputy Vice Chancellor for Academic and Student Affairs, Kenya Methodist University. He received his Bachelor of Divinity from St Paul’s United Theological College, Limuru, and his Master in Theological Studies and Doctor of Philosophy in Ethics from Garrett-Evangelical Theological Seminary, Chicago, USA.

J. Gregory Crofford

J. GREGORY CROFFORD is in his third decade of missionary service, having worked in educational and church development roles in four sub-Saharan African nations and Haiti. Currently, he is Dean of the School of Religion and Christian Ministry at Africa Nazarene University, where he is also Coordinator of the PhD (Religion) program. Dr Crofford received his PhD (Theology) from the University of Manchester (UK) with a focus on Wesleyan theology. He is an ordained elder in the Church of the Nazarene.

Tim Monger

TIM MONGER is CEO of Amigos Worldwide, a Christian NGO working to equip churches in Uganda and South Sudan for integral mission. He and his wife, Rachel, along with their two daughters, spent ten years in Tanzania, where he coordinated the work of a cross-cultural team and partnered with local churches in transformative and practical mission among disadvantaged communities. With experience as a research scientist, an educator and a pastor, Tim is passionate about the integration of theology and practice.

Marco Methuselah

Marco Methuselah is a lecturer at St Paul College, Mwanza, Tanzania. He also works as an associate pastor at PAG Mwanza and as a college registrar. He graduated with a diploma in Bible and Theology at PAG Bible College, Mwanza, Tanzania, in 1991. He pursued his Master of Arts in Theological Studies at Africa International University (AIU) in 2015. Currently, he is doing his PhD in Theology and Culture at Africa International University (AIU).

Martin Munyao

Martin Munyao is a Global Research Institute (GRI) scholar and an adjunct lecturer at Daystar University, Nairobi. He holds a PhD degree in Missiology from Concordia Theological Seminary in Fort Wayne, IN. Currently he is working on his postdoctoral work at the Center for Missiological Research (CMR) at Fuller Theological Seminary in Pasadena, CA, USA.

Benjamin Straub

Benjamin Straub is the Dean of the School of Bible at Central Africa Baptist University in Kitwe, Zambia, where he has taught theology, apologetics, and Koine Greek since 2012. He holds a MDiv and a ThM in Systematic Theology, and is currently pursuing a MEd in Educational Leadership.

Emily Mwikali Kyalo

Emily M. Kyalo has been a lecturer in Machakos University, Kenya, since 2012. She served as the Chair of the Department of Social Sciences in 2014–2015. Currently, she is pursuing a PhD in Clinical Psychology at Daystar University in Nairobi, Kenya. She holds a Master of Arts in Counselling Psychology from Daystar University, Nairobi, Kenya.

Benson Phiri

Benson Phiri serves as Academic Dean at Nazarene Theological College of Central Africa. He also serves as Senior Pastor at Falls Church of the Nazarene in Lilongwe, Malawi. He holds a Bachelor of Theology and Master of Arts in Religion from Africa Nazarene University. Currently, he is pursuing a PhD in Religion at Africa Nazarene University.

Craig S. Keener

Craig S. Keener (PhD, Duke University) is professor of biblical studies at Palmer Theological Seminary of Eastern University.

Ndungu Ikenye

Rowland van Es

ROWLAND VAN ES is a mission partner of Reformed Church Global Mission who has been serving at St. Paul’s University in Limuru, Kenya, since 2004. Currently, he is the Interim Head of Department for History, Missions, Religion and Practical Theology. Prior to 2004 he and his wife Jane also served in the Gambia, Malawi and Sierra Leone. He has an MDiv and a ThM from Western Theological Seminary, Holland, Michigan, and an MA from Michigan State University. He is an ordained minister in the Reformed Church of America.

Judy Wanjiru Wang’ombe

JUDY WANJIRU WANG’OMBE did her MDiv (Biblical Studies) and MTh (Missions) with Africa International University, Kenya. She is currently a doctoral candidate of Inter-Religious Studies in the same university. She has a keen interest in understanding the lived experiences of Muslims, especially those pertaining to the world of spirits. She has served in various Muslim locations and interacted with Muslims from different cultural settings.

Zebedi Muga

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