More Information
ISBN: 9781907713651
Imprint: Langham Monographs
Format: Paperback
Dimensions (mm): 229 x 152 x 10
Publication Date: 14/01/2014
Pages: 176
Language: English

Theology of Work and Poverty Alleviation in Mozambique


This publication seeks to determine the need, possibilities, and strategies, necessary to alleviate urban poverty in Mozambique through the tool of transformational business, understood out of a Contextual Theology of Work (CTOW). Focusing on the Maputo metropolitan area, but also wider contexts, the author examines the dynamic relationship of urban poverty, unemployment and work. Recognising that unemployment is the main factor behind poverty in Mozambique and placing great emphasis on kingdom theology the author recommends that evangelical churches need to embrace CTOW and engage positively with urban poverty to create real economic change.

Author Bios

Xavier Massingue

XAVIER MASSINGUE, a native of Mozambique, holds a DTL from Bakke Graduate University, Seattle. He is currently the Coordinator for Church Development and Spiritual Transformation Groups at World Relief in Mozambique. Prior to this he has worked with OMS in South Africa and Mozambique coordinating church planting initiatives and also served with Bible League as their National Director. Xavier and his wife Marta have been married for 23 years and live in Chokwe, Mozambique.


Although the substance of this thesis is developed for evangelicals in Mozambique, the issues involved are crucial in a world that is shrinking with its huge population growth. The study reveals both historically and theologically how the church has failed, in the practical sense, to model and implement the Kingdom of God, while it has continually been conformed to various worldly cultures.
This thesis provides the perspective and practical means to our mandate in Philippians to practically "work out our own salvation", not to qualify for redemption but to become effectual vessels of implementing divine power from mere theological concepts to being "doers of the word"; freeing individuals from their slavery to corruption into sharing the glorious freedom and riches as the children of God.

Dr. Ron MacDonald
Director and Vice President,
Trinity Ministry Institute, Inc.

Table of Contents

  1. Abbreviations
  2. Glossary
  3. Preface
  4. Chapter 1
    1. Introduction
      1. Problem Statement
      2. Problem Formulation
        1. Poverty in Mozambique
        2. Official definition of poverty
        3. Poverty measurement
        4. Urbanization of poverty
        5. Official poverty alleviation program
        6. Transformational poverty alleviation
      3. The Audience
      4. The Background of the Project
      5. The Outcome of the Project
      6. The Contribution of the Project to Transformational Leadership
      7. Conclusion
  5. Chapter 2
    1. Other Proposed Solutions
      1. Literary Reviews
        1. Urban-based poverty alleviation
        2. Comprehensive Poverty Alleviation
        3. Biblical Strategy for Transforming Systemic Poverty
        4. The Promise of the Faith at Work Movement
        5. Marketplace Ministry
        6. Meaning and Motivation for the Marketplace Mission
        7. Work in the Spirit
        8. Theology of Work Empowering Christians to Practice Business as Calling
        9. Business as Calling
        10. Business for the Common Good
        11. Poverty Alleviation Through Business
        12. Base-of-the-pyramid Poverty Alleviation
        13. Kingdom Business
        14. Business as Mission
        15. Economics and the Evangelical Mind
      2. Conclusion
  6. Chapter 3
    1. Context of Ministry
      1. City Structure
      2. Historic-Cultural Context
        1. The impact of Shibalo on contemporary culture of work
        2. The traditional culture of work
        3. Evangelicalism and other-world-salvation perspective
        4. ATR—This-world-spirituality
      3. Conclusion
  7. Chapter 4
    1. Biblical and Theological Basis
      1. Scripture Interpretation Orientations
        1. Readings from Africa
        2. Authority-Dialogue reading
      2. Contribution of CTOW for Understanding of Redemption
        1. Biblical literalism
        2. Work in the Spirit
      3. Redemption of Work
        1. Work is worship
        2. Work as mission
      4. Work Encounter with Poverty
        1. Relief—country independence
        2. Rehabilitation—dealing with shibalo culture of work
        3. Transformational development
      5. Conclusion
  8. Chapter 5
    1. Research Methods
      1. Survey of Urban Church Leaders
      2. Measurement
      3. Conclusion
  9. Chapter 6
    1. Display and Discussion of Reseach Findings
      1. Data Display
      2. Data Analysis
      3. Discussion of Research Findings
        1. God is not pleased with poverty
        2. The church is responsible for poverty alleviation
        3. Work is fundamental to alleviation of urban poverty
        4. Work is a sustainable urban poverty strategy
        5. God destined humankind to work
        6. Work as ordained by God is a form of spirituality
        7. Churches in poor contexts are called to engage in poverty alleviation
        8. The church must inspire and release transformational entrepreneurs
        9. The church embodies transformational business DNA
        10. The church is the hub of transformational entrepreneurs
      4. Conclusion
  10. Chapter 7
    1. Conclusion
      1. Foundational Insights
      2. Contextual Integration
      3. Practical Step
  11. Appendix 1
    1. Instituto de Missão Empresarial (Business as Mission Institute)
      1. Vision
      2. Mission
      3. Values
      4. Project beneficiaries
      5. Program
      6. Curriculum
      7. Faculty
      8. Strategic Partnerships
        1. Churches
        2. NGOs, Private and Public Companies
      9. Governance
        1. The Audit Committee
        2. Advisory Board
        3. Executive
        4. Executive Director
        5. Expected Outcome
        6. Budget
  12. Appendix 2
    1. C1 Survey
      1. Pesquisa
      2. Acordo
      3. Questionario
  13. Appendix 3
    1. C2 Survey
      1. Pesquisa
      2. Acordo
      3. Questionario
  14. Bibliography

Related Books

Related by Classification