More Information
ISBN: 9781907713460
Imprint: Langham Monographs
Format: Paperback
Dimensions (mm): 229 x 152 x 18
Publication Date: 14/06/2013
Pages: 346
Language: English

Development of Chinese Church Leaders

A Study of Relational Leadership in Contemporary Chinese Churches


Confucianism and its influence on culture in East Asia has profoundly impacted Chinese churches and the development of their leaders. As a cultural force it continues to affect the perceptions and practices of Chinese pastors and how they lead. This work seeks to build an indigenous approach to developing church leaders by understanding the theoretical, and the situational foundations, of relational leadership from both cultural and biblical perspectives. The research is further enriched through case studies and interviews observing the practices of leadership in contemporary Chinese churches.

Author Bios

Otto Lui

OTTO LUI is the Associate General Secretary of Christian Communications Ltd. (CCL). He holds a MDiv from Lutheran Theological Seminary, Hong Kong and a PhD from Fuller Theological Seminary, California, USA. He has been involved in ministry within China since 1995 and continues his work in developing church leaders in both Hong Kong and mainland China. Otto currently lives in Hong Kong with his wife and two daughters.


Dr. Lui’s ground breaking study of the Church in China brings to light the wonderful role of local leadership in nurturing congregations through the turbulent times of social transition. Comparing cultural insights from traditional values with the biblical understandings of local congregations, Dr. Lui brings a new appreciation for the role of informal mentoring from one generation to the next.  This important work explores the role of leadership development during the period of China’s emergence on the global stage.

Doug McConnell, PhD
Provost and Senior Vice President,
Professor of Leadership and Intercultural Studies,
Fuller Theological Seminary

Table of Contents

  1. Acknowledgements
  2. Abstract
  3. List of Abbreviations
  4. Introduction
  6. Chapter 1
    1. Biblical Foundations on Relational Leadership
      1. Biblical Accounts of Leaders and Followers in the Gospels
      2. Approaches of Jesus Christ in Developing Followers
      3. The Characteristics of Relational Leadership in the Gospels
      4. Summary
  7. Chapter 2
    1. Theoretical Foundation of Relational Leadership
      1. Leadership Attributes and Leader-Centric Studies
      2. The Impact of Culture: A Wider Scope of Situational Theory
      3. Culture and Followership
      4. Towards a Relational Leadership Model
      5. Summary
  8. Chapter 3
    1. Confucian Culture and Relational Leadership in China
      1. Confucianism, Wang Yangming and Leadership Development
      2. The Beginning of Leadership Development: Human Nature
      3. The Goal of Leadership Development: The Sage
      4. The Process of Leadership Development: Self-Cultivation
      5. A Review of the Characteristics of Confucian Leadership
      6. A Summary
  10. Chapter 4
    1. Situational Factors Influencing the Understandings and Expectations of Leaders and Leadership in China
      1. Impacts of Western Missions and Revival Movements
      2. Impacts of Fundamentalism
      3. Impacts of the Anti-Christian Movement
      4. Impacts of the Indigenization Movement
      5. Impacts of the Three-Self Patriotic Movement
      6. Summary
  11. Chapter 5
    1. Confucian Christian Theologians and Relational Leadership
      1. Wang Mingdao: A Confucian Pastor
      2. Jia Yuming’s “Perfect Leader” and “Christ–Human” State
      3. Yang Shaotang’s Pastoral Mentoring
      4. A Further Reflection on Relational Leadership in Chinese Churches
      5. Summary
  13. Chapter 6
    1. Internal and External Situiations of Urumqi, Sanyuan and Fuzhou Churches
      1. General Information on the Churches in China in This Study
      2. Urumqi: An Expanding Church with a Harmonious Leadership Team
      3. Sanyuan: A Church Characterized by Family Relationships
      4. Fuzhou: A Church in Transition
      5. Summary
  14. Chapter 7
    1. Findings from the Case Studies
      1. The Historical Impacts from the Early Twentieth Century
      2. The Cultural Impacts of Confucianism
      3. Summary
  15. Chapter 8
    1. Missiological Implications of Relational Leadership in Chinese Churches
      1. The Characteristics of Relational Leadership
      2. The Missiological Implications
      3. Summary
  17. Chapter 9
    1. Conclusion
      1. Areas of Significance in this Research Study
      2. Reviews of Existing Practices in Leadership Development in Chinese Churches
      3. Recommendations for Further Research
      4. A Summary and Final Conclusions
  18. Appendix A
    1. Interview Guide for Old Pastors
  19. Appendix B
    1. Interview Guide for Younger Church Leaders
  20. Appendix C
    1. The Life of Wang Mingdao
  21. Appendix D
    1. The Life of Jia Yuming
  22. Appendix E
    1. The Life of Yang Shaotang
  23. Appendix F
    1. Major Life Events of Pastor HQZ
  24. Appendix G
    1. Major Life Events of Pastor CXQ
  25. Appendix H
    1. Major Life Events if Pastor ZGR
  26. Appendix I
    1. Major Life Events of Pastor YZD
  27. Glossary
  28. Bibliography
  29. Index
  30. Vita

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